Cataracts and Laser Cataract Surgery


Distorted vision caused by cataracts can make it difficult to perform routine tasks that contribute to a healthy and active lifestyle. Adults find cataracts a hindrance to independence, preventing them from simple activities like driving, reading, or working. For these reasons, cataract surgery is one of the most common types of eye surgeries performed. Cataract removal, performed by an ophthalmologist, is a safe and effective surgical procedure that provides the patient with clearer vision instantly.

Board-certified ophthalmologists, in the Leading Medical Clinics of the World® network, are dedicated and experienced physicians, delivering cataract surgery to their communities with patient’s quality of living in mind. Below, you can learn more about what causes cataracts, the cataract surgery methods available, and how to use our network to find a highly trained, experienced cataract surgeon in your area.

Find an experienced, highly reputable cataract surgeon in your area through our network of ophthalmologists. Click to search our network.

What is a Cataract?

A cataract is protein buildup causing your eye’s natural lens (transparent lens behind iris) to become clouded. This prevents light from passing through, and focusing objects onto the retina, resulting in blurred vision among other vision distortions.

Causes of Cataracts

Cataracts cause progressive, painless loss of vision. Because the lens clouds naturally as we age, people over the age of 55 see a gradual reduction of vision. The cause of cataracts is mostly unknown. In young people, cataracts may result from injury, certain medications, or diseases like diabetes. Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light may also play a role in the formation of cataracts. Additionally, studies have shown that people who smoke cigarettes and drink alcohol have a higher risk of developing cataracts than those who abstain.

Diagnosing Cataracts

Cataracts can be detected through a comprehensive, dilated eye exam. During this examination, your ophthalmologist will review the patient’s medical history, and measure their visual acuity (both front and peripheral vision) to determine any visual distortion or loss. This eye exam will also involve measuring the patient’s intraocular (eye) pressure and evaluating the lens and retina of the dilated eye using high-magnification tools.

Cataract Symptoms

  • Blurred or cloudy vision
  • Difficulty with distance vision
  • Light sensitivity (seeing “halos” around lights)
  • Yellow tinged vision
  • Poor vision in bright light
  • Problems with night vision
  • Seeing “ghost” images and other vision distortions

Types of Cataract Surgery

If you have impaired vision that has prevented you from ordinary activities, or doing the things you enjoy, you should consider cataract surgery. The procedure is relatively painless and is frequently performed in the United States, boasting a 98% success rate where patients regain their useful vision.

Most cataract removal surgeries performed today involve a procedure known as small incision cataract surgery, using a process called phacoemulsification. This method involves creating an incision on the side of the cornea, and removing the core of the eye lens, after which the rest of the lens is removed through suction.

No Needle, No Stitch, No Patch Cataract Surgery

Many eye surgeons offer this variation of cataract surgery. Both traditional and laser cataract surgery often involve use of anesthesia administered through an eye injection, to numb the eye for surgery. The injection also requires the patient to use an eye patch after surgery. With the “No Needle, No Stitch, No Patch” surgical method, anesthetic eye drops are used as a numbing agent, in place of an injection. This method eliminates the need for stitches (as the wound that results is self-sealing) or an eye patch during the recovery period, and causes less inflammation and discomfort during the healing process.

Cataract surgery, regardless of the surgical method, involves replacing the clouded eye lens with an artificial lens implant. Along with the standard lens implants, most cataract surgeons also offer intraocular lenses (IOLs) that correct common vision problems like myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. These implant options allow the patient to have even clearer vision than they had before developing cataracts. The four types of IOLs available are monofocal lenses, multifocal, accommodative and toric. A monofocal lens implant is used to correct one type of vision, near or distance. A multifocal implant corrects both near and distance vision. An accommodative IOL is a lens implant that works with the eye’s focusing muscle (the ciliary muscle) to achieve clarity of vision for both near and distance viewing. A toric IOL is used to correct astigmatism.

Traditional Cataract Surgery

The traditional form of cataract surgery involves your surgeon creating two small incisions on the side of the eye, and then using an ultrasound device to break the cataract into small pieces. These pieces are then washed out of the eye and a lens implant is inserted in its place.

Intraocular Lens (IOL) Options

IOLs (Intraocular lenses) are artificial lenses that replace the eye’s natural lens after the natural lens is removed. IOLs have been used since the mid-1960s, approved by the FDA in 1981. Before 1981, cataracts were just removed and thick eyeglasses or special contacts were worn, to recover the patients vision.

This process improved with the advent of IOLs. Early generations of intraocular lenses allowed corrected vision to be limited to distance or near sight, but not both. This required the patient to use reading glasses to see things up close.

Today, premium lens implants are multifocal, providing both near and far sight vision, without the need for eyeglasses after cataract surgery. Premium lenses are available for patients with astigmatism, a condition where only part of vision comes into focus. Different lenses are available for different vision impairments, allowing your eye surgeon to tailor the procedure to meet your specific needs.

Find an experienced, highly reputable cataract surgeon in your area through our network of ophthalmologists. Click to search our network.

Laser Cataract Surgery

One of the more advanced and effective procedures available to improve vision is laser cataract surgery. These treatments offer many benefits including reliability, safety, and accuracy. Patients suffering from vision loss due to cataracts have more options than they may realize. When you see your Leading Medical Clinics of the World®, board-certified ophthalmologist, you may be consulted with laser cataract surgery as one of your options.

How Does a Laser Treat Cataracts?

Laser technology is precise and accurate. Your surgical team may use this procedure to soften the lens cataract to make it easier to remove, or to treat astigmatism. Laser cataract surgery reduces risks, improves outcomes, and allows patients to heal faster.

What to Expect from Laser Cataract Surgery?

Your surgeon will use a laser to create an incision in the cornea to gain access to the eye’s interior. Here the cataract will be broken up and removed. After the cataract is removed an intraocular lens can be inserted, reducing or eliminating the need for eyeglasses.

Lasers are more precise generally than traditional manual instruments. During eye surgery, after the incision, an anterior capsulotomy is performed providing access to the cataract beneath the top of the lens capsule. The laser enables your surgeon to ensure the capsule remains intact, protecting your vision and the health of your eye.

Laser-guided cataract surgery may involve several steps that are determined by your surgeon’s diagnosis and your specific needs. His goal is to provide you with the highest level of care with the fewest risks.

Is Laser Cataract Surgery Right for You?

Patients who have experienced Laser Cataract Surgery report that the procedure is not painful. Your Leading Medical Clinics of the World® surgeon will thoroughly examine your eyes and explain the process including all risks and benefits.

Refractive Lens Surgery

You may require a more advanced vision surgery to improve your sight and quality of life. Refractive lens surgery or refractive lens replacement may be a better option for patients suffering with presbyopia and high hyperopia (farsightedness), when Lasik, PRK, or phakic IOL surgery is not available. The process replaces your eye’s natural lens with an artificial IOL to correct your refractive error, resulting in sharper focus and no need for bifocals or reading glasses.

While yet to be approved by the FDA, refractive lens surgery may be performed legally in certain circumstances. At certain times, this is the most effective way to correct specific vision problems.

Best Candidates for Refractive Lens Surgery

This procedure is for patients with presbyopia or extreme farsightedness when Lasik, PRK, or phakic IOL surgery is unsuitable. Refractive lens surgery may be the only viable option for clear vision and minimal reliance for glasses, if you suffer with presbyopia and moderate to severe hyperopia. Lens replacement may correct nearsightedness (myopia) if Lasik, PRK, or phakic IOLs are unavailable.

The procedure is almost identical to cataract surgery with the only difference being the replaced lens is clear rather than cloudy due to a cataract.

Finding the Right Cataract Surgeon Near Me

Are you researching cataract surgeons? We are here to help by providing you with a list of the top-rated cataract surgeons in your area.


All cataract surgeons in the Leading Medical Clinics of the World® network:

  • Are board-certified
  • Are well-respected by peers
  • Are positively reviewed by patients
  • Are ranked as a top medical practitioner in their field
  • Are in good standing with their medical board(s)
  • Operate from a clinic that upholds the highest level of healthcare standards

If you’re searching to find the best Ophthalmologist, Leading Medical Clinics of the World® can help. We put the best Ophthalmology clinics through our rigorous evaluation process and only the top 10% can become a Leading Ophthalmology Clinic. While there are many qualified candidates, we select only the best of the best, providing prospective patients with access to the top Ophthalmology doctors in the world.

Leading Medical Clinics of the World® is my go to website whenever I’m looking for the best medical professionals for my family. The doctors they select for the site are vetted by their peers, so I know I’m getting the best when using the service. ~ David Hind Smith

How We Select Our Members

It begins with a nominee being referred from our extensive network of the top healthcare practitioners in their fields. In some cases, clinics can be referred by doctors outside of our network. Before we can accept a clinic for membership to Leading Medical Clinics of the World®, we put each nominee through a comprehensive review process. During this process, their medical history, public profile, and reputation are thoroughly researched and documented. They must answer a series of legal questions confirming their medical board history. This ensures each doctor and clinic meets an extremely high standard. Finally, nominees are reviewed by our Medical Advisory Board, all who are highly regarded by their peers.

Questions to Ask During Your Consult (click to expand)

Find an experienced, highly reputable cataract surgeon in your area through our network of ophthalmologists. Click to search our network.

Finding the Best Ophthalmologists Near Me

When searching for the best eye treatment, it’s important to consider:

Experience – Years your ophthalmologist has been practicing and number of successful procedures completed. For example, if you’ve been diagnosed with cataracts, ask your ophthalmologist how many successful cataract procedures they’ve performed. You can also ask how many eye doctors have chosen them for their own for their own eye surgery.

Training – Find out if your ophthalmologist has received training in a certain subspecialty. Especially if you’ve been diagnosed with that disorder. For example, if you’ve been diagnosed with wet macular degeneration, make sure your ophthalmologist specializes in retinal diseases.

Professional accreditations – Find out if your ophthalmologist has received awards from any ophthalmologic societies or if they’ve published any papers in scientific journals.

We realize that finding the best ophthalmologist can be a daunting task so we’ve made it easier for you. We’ve evaluated and selected only the top ophthalmology clinics so you can quickly search and find the best ophthalmologist near you!